Painful Corns

1. What is a corn?

“Corn” is also known as “heloma” in medical term which describes thick areas of skin that develops as a result of excessive amount of pressure and friction being applied to the skin. Corns, rather than being a defect, are our body’s protective mechanism from further damage. There are types of corn that develop; hard corns known as heloma durum and soft corns known as heloma molle.

2. What causes painful corns?Painful Corns - The Foot Pod

Corns can be caused by a number of reasons;

  • Enlarged joint
  • Wearing tight/pointed shoes
  • Adductovarus deformity of the toe: a crooked toe that moves under the adjacent toe

3. Conservative Treatments

Non-operational treatments: aims to reduce the excessive pressure.

  • Regular podiatry visit: Podiatrists can reduce the painful corn by debridement and manufacture custom-made toe separator to reduce excessive pressure
  • Avoid wearing tight/pointed shoes
  • Do not use a corn pad as it contains salicylic-acids and when applied improperly, these corn pads can create a chemical burn in healthy tissue that may result in infections and ulcers.

 4. Surgical Treatment

Surgery aims to remove enlarge joint (arthroplasty) and surgery is relatively simple with a small incision over the toe.

  • Do I need a surgery?

Whether you have a surgery or not is purely your choice. Surgery is usually recommended if conservative treatments have failed to provide a good relief.

  • What does the surgery involve?

Surgery for painful interditial corn is relatively quick and easy surgery. It usually involves:

  • Small incision(around 2 cm) over the toe
  • Removal of condyle (head part of phalanx)
  • Repair of tendon, capsule and skin closure
  • If there is a tight tendon or contracted skin, tenotomy or lengthening of tendon or skin plasty are performed to address these problems
  • Anesthetics: Various anesthetics are available (General or spinal block or local anesthetics with sedation)

5. After the surgery

  • Keep your foot elevated as much as possible and apply ice pack for the first week following surgery
  • Your dressing will be changed between 3-7 days at the office after surgery
  • Keep your dressing dry for first 2 weeks after surgery
  • Sutures will be removed between 2-3 weeks after surgery
  • You are able to weightbear on the heel in the postop surgical shoe
  • You need expect to wear postop surgical shoes for 1-2 weeks